- >> Division for the Establishment of Frontier Sciences
Spintronics/CMOS Hybrid Brain-Inspired Integrated Systems
- [ Professor* ]
- [ Assistant Professor* ]
The purpose of the Spintronics/CMOS Hybrid Brain-Inspired Integrated System group is to break ground for a new AI approach across from the fundamental science of material and information to the devices, circuits, architecture and software technology for information generating, storing and recognition, based on both the concept of RIEC on realization of humanity-rich communication and its past achievements on hardware technology for information and communication. This group aims to study the basic technology for high efficient semiconductor integrated circuit combing the information storage and processing of the AI system together, and to lead and contribute the innovative development of high efficient and low power hardware technology for advanced flexible information processing and recognition like human brain. This group is trying to develop the novel brain-inspired computing system realizing the precise and real-time processing for information value judgment, choice and refusal by consistently evolving the proposal, design, verification and evaluation of the next-generation AI VLSI architecture, which is able to maximize the power consumption efficiency benefiting from the high speed and high endurance of the spin-device.
Spintronics/CMOS Hybrid Brain-Inspired Integrated System (Prof. Endoh)
The Spintronics/CMOS Hybrid Brain-Inspired Integrated System group aims to concentrate the scientific principle for AI computing, brain-inspired VLSI and spintronics/CMOS hybrid device/circuit/architecture technology, to construct the new system of spintronics/CMOS hybrid VLSIs, and to realize the high functional and ultra-low-power spintronics/CMOS hybrid brain- mimicking VLSI system (Fig.1). For such occasions, the entire research group is well-organized in two separated topic of “von Neumann type” and “non von Neumann type” with organical knowledge sharing, technology transfer and feedback. In order to realize the “Society5.0” next-generation information society, not only the supergiant data generation over Yotta (1024) byte but also the AI information processing that appends the quality of information and supports the human thought become increasingly important. On the other hand, conventional AI implementation approaches based on volatile memories are very disadvantageous in power consumption efficiency and not feasible for practical use.
In this group, on “von Neumann” approach, a test chip for verifying accuracy enhancement and a prototype chip for demonstrating the computational speed improvement of the proposed nonvolatile adaptive K-means unsupervised learning processor are designed and evaluated with actual measurement. The high accuracy is achieved by the proposed processor even for those unbalanced training data set which is extremely difficult to conventional K-means learning processor. Over 88.9% reduction of computational cost is verified (Fig.2). Moreover, the light-weight FCNN structure is also proposed and verified for nonvolatile object detection processor. On “non von Neumann” approach, the prototype design of multi-core ultralow-power nonvolatile SNN processor, the build-out of evaluation environment based on large-scale VLSI tester and the preparation of measurement program are completed to demonstrate self-directed power management taking advantage of the unique feature of the low-rate SNN operation.